Pickleball Rules Unveiled: Understanding the Ins and Outs


Pickleball, a relatively recent addition to the world of racket sports, has gained remarkable popularity due to its accessible nature and engaging gameplay. With a unique blend of elements from tennis, badminton, and table tennis, pickleball has carved its niche among sports enthusiasts of all ages. To fully enjoy this exciting sport, it’s crucial to grasp the rules that govern the game. In this article, we’ll delve into the fundamental rules of pickleball, unveiling its intricacies and offering insights for both beginners and seasoned players.

The Basics: Court Setup and Equipment

Pickleball is typically played on a court similar in size to a badminton court, with a few modifications. The court is divided into halves by a net, much like in tennis. The dimensions of the court are 20 feet wide and 44 feet long for doubles play, and 20 feet wide and 22 feet long for singles play. The net is set at a height of 36 inches at the sidelines and 34 inches in the center.

Players use solid paddles, which are slightly larger than ping-pong paddles but smaller than tennis rackets. The game employs a plastic ball with holes, often compared to a wiffle ball, which is designed to reduce speed and allow for better control.

Serving and Scoring

The serving player must stand behind the baseline and diagonally across from the receiving player. The serve must be executed underhand, with the paddle below the waist, and the ball must clear the non-volley zone (the area within seven feet of the net) in order to be valid. Each player gets one chance to serve, and points are scored only by the serving team.

The scoring system in pickleball is unique. Games are typically played to 11 points, but the winning team must have a two-point lead. If the game reaches a tie at 10-10, it’s called a “win by 2” scenario, and play continues until one team gains the required two-point advantage. However, some variations may use a different point cap, such as 15 or 21, depending on the players’ preference.

Volleying and Non-Volley Zone

Volleying, which means hitting the ball before it bounces, is an integral part of pickleball. However, there are certain restrictions in place to balance the game. The non-volley zone, often referred to as the “kitchen,” extends seven feet from the net on both sides. Players are not allowed to volley the ball while inside this zone. They can only volley the ball when they are outside this zone or if the ball bounces before they hit it.

Double Bounce Rule

The double bounce rule is a distinctive feature of pickleball that ensures an equal opportunity for both sides. After the serve, each team must allow the ball to bounce once on each side before they can volley it. This rule promotes longer rallies and strategic gameplay, as it prevents players from aggressively charging the net immediately after the serve.

Faults and Rotation

Several types of faults can occur during a pickleball match. These include serving the ball into the net, hitting the ball out of bounds, stepping into the non-volley zone while volleying, and violating the double bounce rule. A fault results in a point for the opposing team and the loss of the serve.

In doubles play, players rotate positions each time they win the serve. The player who serves moves to the non-volley zone, and their partner takes over the serving duties from the other side of the court. This rotation ensures that players have an equal opportunity to serve and experience different positions on the court.


Pickleball’s rules, a blend of familiar principles from various racket sports, contribute to its distinct and enjoyable gameplay. Understanding the court setup, serving, scoring, volleying, and the unique double bounce rule is essential for a fulfilling pickleball experience. Whether you’re a beginner looking to explore a new sport or a seasoned player seeking to refine your skills, grasping these rules will undoubtedly enhance your appreciation of this fast-paced and engaging game. So grab your paddle, step onto the court, and embark on an exciting journey through the world of pickleball.


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